30. Rinnoji 輪王寺 - Rinnoji Temple was founded in 766 AD by the Buddhist hermit monk Shodo Shonin. Rinnoji quickly became a popular retreat for ascetic monks who wished to meditate in the mountains. It was once so important that it had 500 sub-temples under its rule. Rinnoji is best known for its Sanbutsudoh Three Buddha Hall and the beautiful Japanese meditation garden Shoyo-en on its grounds. The layout at Shoyo-en is modeled after Lake Biwa, showing the Japanese knack for representation through reduction and miniaturization.