13. Toji Temple 東寺 To-ji is a Buddhist temple of the Shingon sect in Kyoto founded by Kobo Daishi. Its name means East Temple. Toji's pagoda is the tallest wooden tower in Japan and has long been the icon of Kyoto. Though it was first built in the year 826 it has burned down four times and been rebuilt exactly as before each time. Toji is far more than merely a pagoda. Toji is an enormous 24 acre compound of temples and sub-temples and hosts a centuries-old antique market once a month in its huge domain.