16. Tenryuji 天龍寺 has been ranked first among Kyoto's ‘Five Great Zen Temples’. Muso Soseki, the temple's founding abbot and famous garden designer, is said to have created Tenryuji's garden which, unlike the temple buildings, survived several fires intact and is considered one of the oldest gardens of its kind. This is a shakkei or borrowed landscape garden, integrating the background scenery of the hills of Arashiyama as part of the garden's composition. Rather than physically entering the garden, it shows a 3D effect and was meant to be viewed from a distance. It is often cited as a one of the best examples of the use of borrowed scenery gardens in Japan.
- ©John Lander
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