Hachijin-no-Niwa Garden at Kishiwada Castle - this very unique karesansui garden is set in the courtyard of Kishiwada-jo and designed to be viewed from the windows of the castle. It is a very modern design of geometric, linear stones punctuated by groups of rocks in a field of pebbles. The garden was designed by Mirei Shigemori, a leading figure in the development of the modern Japanese garden. The garden was completed in 1953. Eight groups of rocks represent the "Battle Formation of the Eight Positions". Each of these eight groupings has a name: heaven, earth, bird/phoenix, dragon, cloud, serpent, tiger or wind. The garden challenges our thinking about the usually calm effects of stone gardens. Based on the layout of a mythological battle conducted by Chinese General Zhuge Liang, the stone setting at the center of the design, named Central Camp, is the garden’s focal point. Eight stone sub-camps: Heaven, Earth, Wind, Cloud, Dragon, Tiger, Phoenix and Snake surround the main encampment.