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Kamakura Cityscape - it's hard to believe that this quiet little town with its many temples was the political capital of Japan during the Kamakura shogunate, from 1185 to 1333. The period is usually known as the "Kamakura Period". These days Kamakura is a very popular day trip from Tokyo for locals and tourists alike. Its principle draws are Shonan Beach, temples, gardens and nature trails.