Portrait of a Nomad in her Ger - Nomadic people move from one place to another, rather than settling permanently in one location. There are an estimated 35 million nomads in the world still today. Many cultures have traditionally been nomadic but is increasingly rare in industrialized countries. Nomads in Mongolia are usually of the pastoral type following seasonally available wild plants and game - by far the oldest human subsistence method. Pastoralists raise herds, moving with them in patterns that avoid depleting pastures beyond their ability to recover.