78.3 Kenchojji 建長寺 is the oldest Zen monastery in Japan, built in the Kamakura period in 1273. The layout of the temple follows the Chinese Xian tradition with all the buildings arranged on an axis. It is known for its architecture especially its golden gates. Also, there is an austere pond garden - one of the few Japanese gardens in Kamakura. Kenchoji is one of the Five Great Zen Temples of Kamakura. Although still important and occupying a large amount of space, in its heyday it once contained 49 sub-temples. During the Kamakura Period, scholars from the Five Great Zen Temples exercised enormous power in Japan.
- @John Lander
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