3. Todai-ji 東大寺 Gate- the Great Buddha Hall Todaiji shelters the world's largest bronze statue of Buddha: Daibutsu or Great Buddha. The Daibutsuden is the world's largest wooden building despite the fact that the reconstruction of 1692 is only two thirds of its original size. The casting of the bronze Great Buddha involved a huge proportion of the population and nearly bankrupted early Japan because of the enormous amounts of gold, wood and bronze needed. Today wild deer, regarded as messengers of the gods, roam the area.